Description: Hey guys and welcome to another animal anatomy tutorial. In this cool lesson, I will be giving you awesome tips and breakdowns on 'how to draw penguin anatomy, step by step.' I've included a lot of useful tips in this lesson and unfortunately, it was the hardest drawing to make since I had absolutely not references to look at for an accurate muscle and skeletal anatomy of a penguin. Hopefully though, I've pitched for an accurate enough diagram. Let me know if I've drawn something wrong or if this was good enough for you guys!
Description: Skeleton - I'm going to dissect this penguin anatomy from bone to flesh. Let's observe the skeleton of a basic generic penguin. Notice how the bones of a bird aren't as complex as say a human or a dog. Though this isn't an exact replica of an avian skeletal structure, it's a basic layout of what it generally looks like. The breast bone is the largest bone on the bird, which explains the puffed slender chest. Also note that a penguin's bones are very hollow to aid in their performance of swimming. With heavy bones, they could not slide or swim very quickly. It would be pretty helpful to use these diagrams for future reference if you'd want to 'zombifiy' a penguin, or need an avian skeletal reference for a gory scene. Whatever the use, study various poses and angles of these creatures in a skeletal format (which may be difficult since Google is rather limited with things such as that). Having a wide variety of references is crucial for a successful artist's palette.
Description: Organs - Here's a simplistic breakdown of an avian's organs. Notice there isn't much here, just the basics. The noticable difference with a bird's set of organs, is the 'Gizzard', which is a completely different digestive system than say a land mammal's. Because birds have a weak jaw, and no teeth, they require an advanced digestive system to breakdown it's food. The crop is a temporary storage area for the avian's food, as the gizzard is a large muscle which breakdown it's food (basically a normal stomach). This reference would be great to use if you're drawing again, gory scenes or some sort of macabre which requires references of bird organs.
Description: Here's 3 different of the many specie of penguin reference drawings. These are just the most common 3 types that are most common in media and animal books. Notice the various shapes and beak builds that come with the bird. The birds with the shortest beaks are usually the smallest specie.
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