Description: Sorry to all the arachnophobia if this tutorial scares you! Anyway here is the tutorial on how to draw a realistic creepy, crawly, spider. By the way spiders technically are not insects so I guess I will just put this in the realistic category.
Description: First thing's first. You will need some good paper to work on. This is what I used. It may be more or less expensive depending on where you buy it. Notice that this is VELLUM and not SMOOTH bristol.
Description: As for the drawing material I used:
--1. Derwent graphite pencils. These are the most common type that come in sets and they are of very good quality. Remember that 9B is the softest and darkest while H is the hardest and lightest.
--2.Charcoal sticks. The thin one is soft charcoal and the thick one is hard charcoal. I use these when I want to quickly shade in a large area.
--3. Carbon pencil and mechanical pencil. The carbon pencil is a life save when you want to add extremely dark lines and this Staedtler mechanical pencil is amazing at rendering thin crisp lines.
--4. Erasers and sharpeners. As far as erasers go a kneadable eraser and a decent hard eraser should be ample. I also like using the Tri Eraser for details. As for sharpeners make sure that your blades are actually sharp. If the blade goes dull replace it! It is also nice to have a good razer for sharpening your pencils especially the ones that won't fit in your sharpener.
--5. Tortillions. Use these for blending. Try to get atleast on jumbo one and one small one.
--6. Jumbo graphite. The large Triograph pencils are great for covering large areas and drawing thick lines. The graphite crayon is also great for quick shading.
Description: Alright here is a crash course in Spider anatomy. The spider's body has two sections. The first being the cephalothorax which includes the head and thorax. The second section is the abdomen. The spinnerets are at the end of the abdominal section and the fangs are at the end of the cephalothorax. All spiders have eight legs and two pedipalps (basically arms). So with this basic knowledge, let us get started!
Description: Now we can start shading. I decided to start with the head. Remember to use the B pencils for dark shading. I used 8B and 9B. Also notice how I added more emphasis to the five foremost limbs; it is easier to see the sections on them now.
Description: This is the result of adding the second darker layer to the legs. I decided to start darkening the ground around the spider during this step. Also, notice the guidelines for the hair on the spiders back.
Description: Adding a third layer to the spider's back renders it complete. The next step depends on how detail oriented you are. All that is left to do is to add details. Your kneadable eraser and mechanical pencil are irreplaceable when it comes to this step. You do not Necessarily have to outline every little hair but you just have to outline and define enough of them that it looks fairly natural.
Description: Here is the final product. After at least 7 hours of working on this drawing this was as much detail as I felt like putting into it. Again, it is really up to you to decide how much detail you want in your drawing. I hope this tutorial was helpful!
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